Monitoring the Electoral Process
Elections are the mainstay in the process of democratic building, and in order to ensure the holding of free and fair elections, an appropriate democratic climate must be available, represented in freedom of opinion and freedom of expression, as well as monitoring. It also requires guaranteeing many basic freedoms that represent the goal and requires several means to achieve this goal. Monitoring is one of these means that contributes to spreading confidence about the integrity and transparency of the electoral process.
The Central Committee for Local Elections and the sub-committees are also responsible for approving and facilitating the monitoring process. Under the powers conferred upon it, the Central Committee has developed a set of procedures and rules of conduct that regulate the process. The monitoring process can begin as soon as the Central Committee announces in the audio, visual and written media and through the Central Committee website and social networking sites the start of the electoral process in a certain municipality and continues until the announcement of the final results.
Observer Regulations and System:
In accordance with the decision of the Council of Ministers of National Unity No. (519) of 2022 to adopt the regulations for the elections of municipal councils, which stated and clarified through Article No. (44) the observers' role in the electoral process, where the article stipulated the following:
(Civil society institutions, relevant regional and international organizations accredited by the Central Committee, as well as candidates’ agents, shall monitor the electoral process / and the Committee is committed towards it to facilitate their tasks in a manner that provides the greatest degree of credibility for the freedom and integrity of the elections)
Accordingly, a bylaw for monitoring organizations and agents has been prepared in order to clarify their rights and obligations in accordance with the principles and rules of work of the Central Committee for Local Elections.
The system for accrediting candidates’ agents and local and international observers issued by the Central Committee for Local Elections for the year 2021.
The law often defines the services, principles of integrity, and general outcomes within which the electoral process is conducted. The law governs the administrative structures and tasks that must be implemented during voting operations to maintain the integrity, transparency and impartiality of elections. The law also goes so far as to detail (mostly through regulations) all the processes and tasks to be performed, and all the forms and methods used by election officials.
Such a holistic approach can be necessary to ensure that integrity, justice, and other electoral principles are adhered to, particularly for transitional elections, or in societies as deeply politically divided as ours. Addressing the details of the procedures for accrediting observers and candidate agents contributes to maintaining the integrity of the elections in accordance with the laws and regulations through which the electoral system that facilitates the monitoring process is determined, in addition to the specific time frame for the entire electoral process, which must be focused on and monitoring of all violations, abuses and non- compliance , whether in terms of laws, regulations, or the time period specified for the entire electoral process . The aim is to ensure the quality of the work and to make continuous improvements based on everything monitored in the elected municipalities to overcome such violations in the municipalities targeted or expected to be elected.
The system was adopted in accordance with the decision issued by the Central Committee for Municipal Council Elections No. (54)) of 2021, in order to establish controls and provisions for the accreditation of candidate agents and local and international observers.